RaboResearch - Economic Research

Special Dutch version

IN2030: Four future scenarios for businesses

Nobody knows the future. Yet to gain some understanding of the future, we have developed four possible scenarios of how the would could look in twenty years. Our projections revolve around two variables: conflict versus harmony and evolution versus revolution. The interaction of these two variables has resulted in four scenarios, each of which sketches a possible state of the world in 2030.


IN2030: Grenzen aan wat de aarde biedt (Dutch)

De toename van de wereldbevolking en de welvaart in de komende twee decennia heeft grote gevolgen voor de voedselconsumptie en de voedselproductie. Hoewel het productiepotentieel technisch gezien voldoende is om de wereldbevolking de komende twintig jaar te voeden, is het onwaarschijnlijk dat er over twee decennia sprake is van voedselzekerheid.


IN2030: Grondstoffenschaarste (Dutch)

Wereldwijd wordt een toenemende schaarste aan fossiele grondstoffen ervaren. Een van de redenen is dat de toekomstige beschikbaarheid van deze materialen niet vanzelfsprekend is. De voorraad fossiele grondstoffen is namelijk afhankelijk van de fysieke aanwezigheid in de aarde. Maar het gebruik van fossiele brandstoffen gaat veel sneller dan de vorming ervan in de aarde en de winning en raffinage van zeldzame aardmetalen gaat met hoge kosten gepaard.

Economic Report

UK: to QE or not to QE?

The pace of economic recovery is slowing before the fiscal squeeze has kicked in. But the BoE is hesitant to launch QE2 given the higherthan expected inflation (expectations). There are definitely short-term upside risks to inflation, mostly due to the VAT hike in January 2011.

Economic Report

Public debt: nothing to fear but fear itself

Investors are worried that rising public debt to GDP ratios in the advanced economies will eventually lead to a wave of sovereign defaults. To calm market nerves, therefore, governments have announced austerity measures to lower debt ratios to more ‘sustainable levels’.

Country Report

Country Report Russia

Russia’s oil and gas dependent economy has started to recover slowly from the sharp downturn in 2009, with real GDP growth estimated at 4.2% and 4% in the next two years.

Country Report

Taiwan (Country report)

The island of Taiwan has a dynamic, capitalist economy which has sharply rebounded from the effects of the global financial crisis. Economic activity will expand by over 9% yoy in 2010, a large improvement from the 1.9% contraction in 2009.

Country Report

Maldives (Country report)

A structural country risk the Maldives are facing is climate change. If the sea level rises only by a couple of meters, the majority of the Maldives will be submerged. The political situation is very unstable, as the opposition and the ruling party are frequently at loggerheads hindering any progress on reforms.

Country Report

Angola (Country report)

Angola’s economic performance is almost completely determined by the global demand for oil. In fact, oil related taxes amount to 90% of total taxes. It is therefore not surprising that Angola’s economy took a hit when oil prices dropped dramatically as a result of the global recession

Economic Report

Deflation, here we come?

Deflationary risks are rising in the advanced economies. This has made some worry that a Japan-style deflationary episode is awaiting us. In our view, these particular concerns are exaggerated.


Breaking up the eurozone

This paper deals with the question whether or not it is a good idea to break up the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU or eurozone).