RaboResearch - Economic Research

Country Report

Luxembourg: staying on top in a changing environment

Luxembourg continued to show robust growth in 2015. New fiscal and financial regulation is heading towards Luxembourg, challenging its financial sector-driven growth model.

Country Report

Portugal: weak reform momentum threatens feeble growth

Portugal continued to grow in 2015, after exiting the EU/IMF bailout programme in 2014, which signals a substantial increase of economic and financial stability. However, reform momentum is weak while the country still has many vulnerabilities.

Country Report

France: Growth returns but remains structurally weak

Economic activity is recovering after several years of near-zero growth. But the French economy still faces many structural challenges, including a relatively weak competitive position, high unemployment and weak public finances.

Country Report

Belgium: recovery at a snail's pace

The centre-right government has successfully implemented several policy measures to improve Belgian price competitiveness. High public debt, inflation and security issues are the most prominent downward risks for a stable economic recovery.

Country Report

Ireland: The Celtic Tiger is back

Ireland posted very strong growth of 7.8% last year which supports deleveraging and house prices but asset quality of banks remains poor and could hurt banks and the government in the future. As possibly worst affected, Ireland is closely following the Brexit debate.

Country Report

Germany: stable economic growth with challenges ahead

The German economy performs well on the back of a competitive export sector and is rebalancing towards domestic demand, driven by a strong labour market. The recent surge in immigration poses a significant challenge for the German economy.

Country Report

Country Report Bulgaria

Growth in Bulgaria remains weak and fiscal balances have been deteriorating, though from a low base. The banking sector has weathered last year’s crisis well, but further measures are necessary to improve its resilience in the future

Country Report

Country Report Luxembourg

Economic growth in Luxembourg remains strong, but international regulatory changes could chal-lenge the country’s economic model and strong fiscal position in the future.

Country Report

Country report United Kingdom

The UK economy has seen more balanced growth lately: wage growth has returned, debt levels are gradually falling and the housing market has cooled down. However, a low Euro weighs on export performance while the risk of a Brexit has increased.

Country Report

Country report Portugal

The Portuguese economy returned to growth in 2014 but medium term prospects remain weak. Meanwhile, with an election this year, the reform effort while this year’s budget is based on overly optimistic assumptions.

Country Report

Country Report Spain

The Spanish economy is expected to maintain its competitiveness while domestic demand strengthens. The low quality of employment created may hurt productivity growth. We expect to see political fragmentation at the national level.

Country Report

Country report Ireland

The strong rebound of the Irish economy supported private sector deleveraging while the housing prices rebounded strongly. With the budget deficit down and political stability enduring, the situation in Ireland is set to improve further.

Country Report

Country report Italy

Italy’s economy shrank again in 2014, and is expected to only recover slowly. Political stability has improved a bit and the government’s reform agenda is promising. Some major reforms have already been achieved, but progress is and will remain slow.