RaboResearch - Economic Research

Economic Comment

UK: Osborne loses his cherished AAA

Moody’s decision to downgrade the UK’s government bond rating should not come as a surprise to investors. That said, the lower rating is a huge blow for Mr. Osborne since his austerity plan was partly based on maintaining the AAA-rating of the UK.

Country Report

Country Report India

Economic growth is India is slowing to the lower end of the 5-6% range. Decisive government action could give a boost to growth, but with elections scheduled for 2014 there seems little room.

Country Report

Country Report Poland

Being hailed as the only EU country without a recession during the 2008/09 global financial crisis, all eyes are on Poland now that the economy is slowing.

Special

Mind the fiscal speed limit

The current debate amongst economists regarding the timing of fiscal consolidation is not yet resolved. In this Special we present evidence that fiscal policy has a larger short-term negative impact on growth than the government currently expects.

Country Report

Country Report South Korea

South Korea’s economic growth has slowed to around 2% in 2012. Presidential elections in 2012 passed smoothly, with Park Guen-hye winning the elections. The situation in North Korea has deteriorated as the regime has performed a third nuclear test.

Country Report

Country Report Paraguay

Paraguay’s GDP growth is estimated to increase to around 9.5% in 2013, as conditions have improved markedly recently. Fernando Lugo was impeached last year and interim president Franco will remain in charge until the April 2013 elections.

Country Report

Country Report Tanzania

Tanzania grew 6.8% in 2012 and expects 7% growth in the coming years. Gas reserves discovery can boost the economy, but high corruption can cause discontent with Tanzanians and donors. Readily available financing accommodates the large twin deficit.

Country Report

Country Report Vietnam

With improved economic policies the government has been able to stabilize the economy since early 2011. The external liquidity position improved, but remains weak. In case confidence in the economy falters again, improvements could be undone quickly.

Country Report

Country Report Bangladesh

Bangladesh has posted strong growth in the face of a deteriorating external environment. In 2012, the economy expanded by 6.3% and is expected to grow by around 6% in 2013. Bangladesh remains one of the poorest countries in the world.

Country Report

Country Report Costa Rica

In 2011 and 2012 the Costa Rican economy grew by 4.2 and 4.9%, respectively. The outlook is rather favorable, we expect the economy to grow by around 4% per year in the coming years. Main risk right now is the financial position of the government.

Economic Report

The inflation genie must not leave the bottle

There is an on-going debate in the UK regarding the merits of nominal GDP targeting. Of course, ‘out-of-the box’ thinking is welcome but the risk of switching to a new policy framework is high because it can destabilise inflation expectations.

Economic Comment

Eurozone’s growth disappoints in 12Q4

The eurozone GDP contracted by 0.6% q-o-q in the final quarter of 2012. Sentiment indicators suggest the economy will fare better in 13Q1, but we do not expect growth to pick up strongly in 2013 amid severe economic headwinds.

Country Report

Country Report Rwanda

Rwanda’s is in trouble. Due to the UN’s claims of involvement in the violence in DR Congo, several donors withdrew their support. This hits Rwanda hard, as donor income accounts for a large part of foreign exchange and fiscal income.

Country Report

Country Report Hungary

Hungary’s economy fell back into recession last year and growth is expected to remain negative in 2013. Its government managed to keep the budget deficit below 3% of GDP, but very high foreign currency-denominated debt remains a major source of risk.

Country Report

Country Report Romania

Romania’s recovery from the crisis in 2009-2010, when GDP fell by 6.5%, has yet to gain pace. We expect the economy to have grown by a meager 0.2% in 2012. The slow growth is largely caused by the ongoing crisis in the eurozone and slow demand.