RaboResearch - Economic Research

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Funding for growth. Now and in the future

How do businesses fund their growth in the coming years? We conclude that large companies fund themselves to a significant extent with equity, whereas small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) depend mainly on bank lending for their funding.

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Outlook 2013: Latin America and Caribbean

While a more challenging external environment has contributed to somewhat slower economic growth in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2012, earlier overheating and inflation pressures have abated in most countries.

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Outlook 2013: Middle East and North Africa

The revolution that shook the Arab world in 2011, continues to affect the region's economic performance and political stability. In addition, the region is sensitive to the ongoing crisis in the eurozone and slowing growth in the rest of the world.

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Outlook 2013: Russia and CIS

The outlook for economic growth in Russia and the CIS region for 2013 is mostly unchanged from our 2012 estimates. We discuss the economic policy options to boost economic growth next year. However the uncertain global economic backdrop poses a risk.

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Outlook 2013: China

Weakened external demand and only limited growth supporting policies from the Chinese government were the main factors explaining China's slowing growth rate in the first three quarters of 2012. Growth is expected to accelerate this year and in 2013.

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Outlook 2013: Emerging Asia

In 2013, global economic growth is expected to be 3?%, with growth estimated to remain subdued in the US (1?%), the eurozone (?%) and Japan (1%). China's economy is expected to grow by between 7?% and 8?%.

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Outlook 2013: Emerging Europe

The start of 2012 saw many Emerging European economies fall back into recession. Although the outlook for 2013 is somewhat less bleak, there is little reason for optimism. The region's proximity to the eurozone renders it vulnerable.

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Outlook 2013: Eurozone

While desperately in need of growth, eurozone's GDP is unlikely to pick up in the second half of this year. Although market sentiment regarding the European debt crisis seems to be on a cautious positive trend, the outlook for 2013 is bleak.

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Outlook 2013: Lower growth is the new reality

In 2013 the Dutch economy will show a very low growth rate of just 0.25%. Globally, the emerging markets will drive economic growth mostly. We project that, mainly as a result of the euro crisis, the global economy will grow by only 3.75% in 2013.

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Outlook 2013: Sub-Sahara Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa has grown rapidly over the past decade. Despite the global financial crisis of 2008-09, Sub-Saharan Africa has grown at an average of 4.7% between 2000-2010 and might experience accelerated growth relative to the past few years.

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Outlook 2013: United Kingdom

The UK recovery remains unimpressive due to harsh austerity measures in a weak macroeconomic environment. We maintain the view that the pace of fiscal adjustment must be slowed down so that recovery gets a chance.

Economic Comment

Economic visibility must improve quickly

Policy uncertainty remains high and this will have negative repercussions for growth. Thus far, financial markets have remained optimistic, but policymakers should not expect this to continue for far longer if policy visibility does not improve.

Economic Comment

How are exposures to periphery evolving?

Domestic residents of the euro periphery countries have increased their exposure to their respective governments as foreigners headed for the exit. This is an unwelcome development since it further reinforces the link between sovereigns and banks.

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Cooperatives and Rural Financial Development

In concordance with the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), this publication deals with the importance of poverty reduction through agricultural development and the indispensability of access to financial services for rural populations in emerging and developing countries.